Reports of Islamophobia indicate that Muslim women are the main victims. 61% of the incidents reported to Tell MAMA in 2015 were against women.
This figure is from the 2018 report (pdf) from the University of Newcastle on islamophobia.
This report draws upon the latest research about Islamophobia to address important questions about what it is, how it operates, what its impacts are and who it effects.
It also considers how Islamophobia is enabled, how to challenge it and how to report it.
The report finds:
- Men who visibility display their Muslim identity through their dress or beard and men who belong to visible minority ethnic groups are also affected by Islamophobia
- Although Islamophobia directly affects Muslims, it can also affect other groups of people who are mistaken for being Muslim such as Sikhs, Hindus and other people of South Asian heritage. It can also affect Black African and Caribbean people
- Islamophobia affects asylum seekers and refugees of diverse faiths and none. It can also affect people who are recognised as ‘not-quite-white’ such as Central and Eastern European migrants.